|Métis and Indigenous|
People have lived in Canada for thousands of years – European settlement is a relatively recent phenomenon. Several sources will help you trace First Nations ancestors, as well as Métis – basically, descendants of liaisons between aboriginals and Europeans.
Canadian Genealogy Centre
Researching Your Aboriginal Ancestry at Library and Archives Canada
Canadian Indian tribes
Includes links to a variety of non-genealogy sites.
British Columbia Archives
First Nations Research Guide.
A variety of sites listed by province or territory with information on the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada.
Resources for Aboriginal Studies
Searchable databases, archival material, Native law cases from 1763 to 1978, Northwest Resistance history and photographs.
Northwest Resistance Digitization Project
Allowing access to materials relating to the Northwest Resistance of 1885. It contains a searchable database of bibliographic records. A number of the items have been digitized for online viewing.
Information on the Micmac people who occupied Nova Scotia, the Gaspe Peninsula in Quebec, Prince Edward Island, and the eastern half of New Brunswick and southwestern Newfoundland.
The records generally consist of the following: affidavits and applications, land and money scrip notes, scrip certificates, receipts, and a number of textual files consisting of letters and memoranda outlining government policies, rulings, and procedures.
Virtual Museum of Métis History and Culture
Includes a superb Atlas of aboriginal settlement (PDF format).
Glenbow Archives – Métis Genealogy
The Glenbow Library and Archives has an excellent collection of resources for the study of Métis genealogy.
Hudson's Bay Company Archives
Many Métis families can trace roots back to employees of the Bay
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