CanGenealogy Canadian GenealogyOntario
Ontario came into its own with the American Revolution, which prompted an influx of United Empire Loyalists. Until 1791 it was part of Quebec, then became known as Upper Canada when a division was made. It was later known as Canada West before taking the name Ontario when the nation of Canada was formed in 1867. Ontario has more residents than any other province, and includes Canada's largest city, Toronto, as well as the nation's capital, Ottawa.

See also Ontario newspapers | Ontario city directories
Ontario county directories


Census records

1842: FamilySearch

1851/2: Library and Archives Canada | FamilySearch | Ontario GenWeb
Automated Genealogy | Ancestry.ca | FindMyPast | MyHeritage

1861: Library and Archives Canada | FamilySearch
Ancestry.ca | FindMyPast | MyHeritage

1871: Library and Archives Canada | Library and Archives Canada (Ontario index)
FamilySearch | Mortality schedules
Ancestry.ca | FindMyPast | MyHeritage

1881: Library and Archives Canada | FamilySearch
Ancestry.ca | FindMyPast | MyHeritage

1891: Library and Archives Canada | FamilySearch
Ancestry.ca | FindMyPast | MyHeritage

1901: Library and Archives Canada | FamilySearch
Automated Genealogy | Ancestry.ca | FindMyPast | MyHeritage

1911: Library and Archives Canada | FamilySearch
Automated Genealogy | Ancestry.ca | FindMyPast | MyHeritage

1921: Library and Archives Canada | Ancestry.ca | MyHeritage

Getting the most from Ontario census reports
On Hugh Armstrong's Genealogy Site

Birth, marriage and death records

Births: Ancestry (1869-1913) | FindMyPast 1860-1920 | MyHeritage 1869-1912
FamilySearch (1869-1912) | FamilySearch (1779-1899)
Marriages: Ancestry (1801-1935) | FamilySearch (1800-1927)
Deaths: Ancestry (1869-1947) | FamilySearch (1869-1947)

Baptisms: Methodist 1825-1910

Marriages: Western District 1772-1834 | Registrations 1800-1927 | Upper Canada 1803-1865

Cemeteries: Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid -- More than three million entries
Toronto Trust Cemeteries | Beechwood, Ottawa 1873-1990

Find a Grave Ontario cemeteries
A great finding aid by Bruce Gordon makes searching for burials much easier.

Billion Graves
International cemetery site includes Ontario.

Canadian Headstones
A national cemetery site.

Wesleyan Methodist Baptisms
Transcribed by Ida Reed. There are 101,461 records included on almost 1800 pages, covering 1825 through 1910.

Marriage Registrations 1800-1927
Searchable, extraction project done by volunteers.

Marriages of the Western District 1772-1834
Large file with the names of husband and wife as well as date and (sometimes) place.

Canadian Necrology
Searchable database of about 20,000 death notices, primarily of Ontario people.

Northern Ontario Canada Gravemarker Gallery
More than 115,000 marker photographs from 250 cemeteries.

Cemeteries of Stormont and Dundas Counties
Tombstone transcriptions from cemeteries in Stormont and Dundas Counties.

Thunder Bay District Cemeteries
Transcripts from more than 30 Thunder Bay district cemeteries.

Convict deaths in the Kingston Penitentiary
On Hugh Armstrong's Genealogy Site

Geography and land records

Ontario Land Registry Access
Search Ontario land property records

Canadian County Atlas Digital Project
Searchable database of the property owners names which appear on the township maps in the county atlases. Township maps, portraits and properties have been scanned, with links from the property owners' names in the database.

Ontario Historical County Maps Project
Historical Land Occupancy Information in 19th Century Ontario

Ontario counties, districts and townships
On Hugh Armstrong's Genealogy Site

Districts of 1846 in Upper Canada
Olive Tree Genealogy. District, county and township names and populations in 1846.

Land Records in Ontario
Olive Tree Genealogy. Information of the system of land division, how to determine the lot and concession numbers, types of land and where to locate the records.

Other sites for genealogy

Digitized newspapers
Includes newspapers from a variety of sources.

Archives of Ontario
Genealogical research tips, plus searchable online databases.
Including: Toronto Emigrant Office - Immigration database 1865-1883

Our Ontario
One-stop access to digital collections of libraries, archives, museums, historical societies, community groups, government agencies, and private collections.
Including: Our Ontario newspaper index

TONI - The Ontario Name Index

Ontario Genealogical Society (Ontario Ancestors) Provincial Index (OGSPI)

Rural Diary Archive
Features the work of more than 130 diarists from across Ontario. Transcribed diaries are fully searchable.

Directories: Canadian City and Area Directories 1819-1906 -- from Ancestry.ca

Ontario and Canadian Genealogy Resources
A superb site by Bill Martin of Thunder Bay

Bytown or Bust
Plenty of information on early Ottawa.

Ontario GenWeb
The Ontario provincial page of Canadian GenWeb, with links to regional pages and much more.

19th Century Census for Northumberland County
The census project consists of selected years for Hamilton township. Additional years and townships will be added over time.

St. Catharines Public Library -- Local names index
Entries from 1900-1920s, plus 2005-present.

Archives and libraries in Ontario

Archives of Ontario
Genealogical research tips, plus searchable online databases.
Includes:
Tracing Your Ancestors at the Archives of Ontario
Downloadable research guide

City of Toronto Archives
Research guides, searchable database and much more.

Toronto Reference Library
Digital collections include directories, maps and much more.

Ottawa Public Library
An overview resources, telnet to the catalogue, and interesting links.

Mennonite Archives of Ontario
Describes collections in the Mennonite Archives of Ontario in Waterloo, Ontario. With finding aids.

Genealogical societies in Ontario

Ontario Ancestors (Ontario Genealogical Society)
This organization has many publications and other resources, and has a large seminar every spring.
Branches: Brant | Bruce and Grey | Durham | Elgin | Essex | Haldimand | Halton-Peel
Hamilton | Huron | Kawartha | Kent | Kingston | Lambton | Leeds and Grenville
London-Middlesex | Niagara Peninsula | Nipissing | Norfolk | Ottawa | Oxford | Perth
Quinte | Sault Ste. Marie and Algoma | Simcoe | Sudbury | Thunder Bay
Toronto | Waterloo | Wellington | York

British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa
Society focus, member benefits, programs and publications, family history library.

Upper Ottawa Valley Genealogical Group
For the Upper Ottawa Valley: Renfrew County and Pontiac County, Quebec.

United Empire Loyalists' Association of Canada
This organization has branches across Canada.
Branches: Bay of Quinte | Kawartha | Sir Guy Carleton (Ottawa) | Grand River
Bicentennial (Windsor) | Toronto | Gov. Simcoe (Toronto)
Col. Edward Jessup (Leeds and Grenville) | Hamilton | Colonel John Butler (Niagara)
London and Western Ontario | St. Lawrence

Nation-wide sites worth checking

Library and Archives Canada (Free)
A huge amount of information, including census, immigration and military information. A key resource for all Canadian genealogists.

FamilySearch (Free)
From the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. Includes an index to several censuses, civil registration extracts, a guide to the library catalog, submitted and extracted records, and more.

Canadiana (Free)
Quick access to about millions of documents held in Canada’s libraries, museums and archives, compiled into one resource for convenient searching. This site has many resources not found elsewhwere.

Ancestry.ca (Commercial)
Ancestry has an extensive collection drawn from census indexes, immigration sources, and other material from different provinces.

FindMyPast (Commercial)
A collection of sources that is still being developed. FindMyPast includes census indexes, birth indexes, and many scanned books, as well as newspapers.

MyHeritage (Commercial)
The Canadian arm of a site known for its strong European material. It includes the major resources found on other sites.

Automated Genealogy (Free)
Includes free indexes to the 1851/2, 1901, 1906 and 1911 censuses.

Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online (Free)
Notable people who died before 1930.


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Counting Canada

Counting
Canada

The ultimate guide to the Canadian census


Destination Canada

Destination
Canada

All about immigration sources



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