More than 1.5 million Canadians have served in military actions around the world since 1899, and more than 116,000 have died in wars. Graves with Canadian soldiers are found in 75 countries.
Library and Archives Canada: Military Heritage
A selection of Library and Archives Canada resources on the Canadian military and war experiences.
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission pays tribute to the 1,700,000 men and women of the Commonwealth forces – including Canadians – who died in the two world wars.
Veterans Affairs Canada
Recognizing and honouring the sacrifices of Canada's veterans and all Canadian citizens during war. Canadian Military Medals and Decorations, Mission and Mandate, The Carillon newsletter and more.
Canadian Virtual War Memorial
A database of more than 118,000 Canadians and Newfoundlanders who made the ultimate sacrifice in World Wars One and Two. Also includes detailed information on Victoria Cross recipients.
Canadian Merchant Navy War Dead Database
Searchable by the name of the person or the name of the vessel
A database of more than 196,000 deaths of veterans since January 1985, on the web site of the Royal Canadian Legion.
Military Medals, Honours and Awards, 1812-1969
Canadian War Museum
Remembering more than 115,000 Canadians who have lost their lives during wartime. These Canadians were not all professional soldiers. The museum, in Ottawa, attempts to tell the story of ordinary Canadians living through extraordinary circumstances.
Canadian Military Heritage Project
Providing historical backgrounds, chronological timelines, statistics, battles, uniforms and equipment, biographies of soldiers, heroes and their stories, muster rolls, letters home, links to other online resources, and research libraries.
British Empire and Commonwealth Land Forces
Internet resources pertaining to land forces that were at any time part of the British Empire or Commonwealth. The focus is generally on manifestations of the British regimental system throughout the world. PLEASE NOTE: Sadly, the site appears to be gone, so this link is to a Wayback archive.
Canadian Letters and Images
The Canadian Letters and Images Project is an online archive of the Canadian war experience, from any war, as told through the letters and images of Canadians themselves. A project based at Vancouver Island University in Nanaimo, British Columbia.
Service Files of the Royal Canadian Navy, 1910-1941 - Ledger Sheets
The Royal Canadian Navy replaced the Royal Navy for maritime security in Canadian waters. Its first warships were the HMCS Rainbow and the HMCS Niobe. It inherited the Royal Navy Dockyards in Halifax, Nova Scotia and Esquimalt, British Columbia.
First World War (1914-1918):
Canadian Expeditionary Force
More than 600,000 Canadians enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) during the First World War. The CEF database is a searchable index to files held at LAC, with links to digitized copies of most of them.
Soldiers of the First World War, 1914-1918
Attestation papers on Ancestry. Collection there also includes Commonwealth War Graves registers and burial registers.
Canadian Expeditionary Force Study Group
Dedicated to the Study of the Canadian Expeditionary Force -- The Great War of 1914 - 1919
The Regimental Rogue
Superb site loaded with information on military service.
Includes information on researching Canadian soldiers in the First World War:
Part 1: Find your Man (or Woman)
Part 2: The Service Record
Part 3: Court Martial Records
Part 4: War Diaries and Unit Histories
Part 5: Casualties
Part 6: Researching Honours and Awards
War Diaries of the First World War
Digitized War Diaries of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) units.
A City Goes To War
A project looking at communities across Canada, and the impact the war had on them. The goal of the project, based at the University of Victoria, is to tell the stories of diverse communities by providing a digital platform.
Canadian Great War Project
This comprehensive site is designed to promote interest in the First World War.
Canadians Shot At Dawn
Information about the soldiers executed in 1914-1918.
An Archival Look at World War I
From Queens University. A collection of archival photographs related to the Great War.
For King and Empire
Canada's soldiers in the Great War. Explores the Canadian soldier's role in the Great War. Included in the site is a interactive battle display and a comprehensive Resource Centre.
Battle of Vimy Ridge
An introduction to the First World War Battle of Vimy Ridge, including historical maps and a presentation of the Vimy Memorial.
Aces of Canada
Lists 187 Canadian First World War pilots granted the designation of "Ace". Includes biographical information, medals, victories, and more
The Newfoundland Regiment and Great War
The site contains the military files of more than 2,200 soldiers from the Royal Newfoundland Regiment who served in the First World War, including those of the 1305 young men who died in the conflict.
History of the Canadian Expeditionary Force
Downloadable PDFs of an excellent book.
Posters from the First World War
From the Archives of Ontario
Varlet Farm, on the Passchendaele battlefield
Thinking of a visit to the Ypres area? This bed and breakfast that allows visitors to get close to history
South African (Boer) War (1899-1902):
Soldiers of the South African War
The South African War, also known as the Boer War, marked the first occasion for which Canada dispatched troops to an overseas war. A total of 7,368 Canadians and 12 Nursing Sisters served in South Africa.
Canadians in the South African War
On Hugh Armstrong's Genealogy Site
Korean War (1950-1953):
Korea Veterans Association of Canada
Dedicated to the 516 Canadians who made the supreme sacrifice during the Korean War and to honour those who dared to die, but lived. List of award recipients, Wall of Remembrance, Honour Roll, links to related sites.
Second World War (1939-1945):
Service Files of the Second World War - War Dead, 1939-1947
References to the files of the 44,000 Canadians who died in the war.
The Maple Leaf 1944-1946
Canadian military newspaper published in Brussels. From Google Newspapers.
Wars before 1899:
War of 1812 Muster Rolls
First Muster Roll, Corps of Canadian Volunteers. 18 July 1813 - 31 August 1813.
Abegweit Branch, Prince Edward Island, United Empire Loyalist Association
Scroll down, down down for the 1874 Regimental Muster Rolls.