A census return is one of the most valuable tools a genealogical researcher can use. In Canada, returns are available from 1666 (for New France) to 1949 (Newfoundland). Most researchers are likely to be looking, however, for the census returns from 1851 through 1916.
Major census sites|
Library and Archives Canada (Free)
A huge amount of information, including census, immigration and military information. A key resource for all Canadian genealogists.
From the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. Includes an index to several censuses, civil registration extracts, a guide to the library catalog, submitted and extracted records, and more.
Quick access to about millions of documents held in Canada’s libraries, museums and archives, compiled into one resource for convenient searching. This site has many resources not found elsewhwere.
Ancestry has an extensive collection drawn from census indexes, immigration sources, and other material from different provinces.
A collection of sources that is still being developed. FindMyPast includes census indexes, birth indexes, and many scanned books, as well as newspapers.
The Canadian arm of a site known for its strong European material. It includes the major resources found on other sites.
Automated Genealogy (Free)
Includes free indexes to the 1851/2, 1901, 1906 and 1911 censuses.
Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online (Free)
Notable people who died before 1930.
Search the census in one step
Dr. Stephen Morse of San Francisco has a website that makes it easy to access the Canadian census – and many other resources.
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