CanGenealogy Canadian Genealogy Census
A census return is one of the most valuable tools a genealogical researcher can use. In Canada, returns are available from 1666 (for New France) to 1949 (Newfoundland). Most researchers are likely to be looking, however, for the census returns from 1851 through 1916.

Major census sites

Search the census in one step
Dr. Stephen Morse of San Francisco has a website that makes it easy to access the Canadian census – and many other resources.